What Is Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery?

A robotic knee replacement is similar to a traditional knee replacement. The surgeon removes damaged tissue in your knee and replaces it with an artificial joint. The difference is that it's done with assistance from a robotic arm or handheld robotic device (depending on the robotic system used for your surgery).

Robotic surgery does not mean that an actual robot performs the entire surgery. Instead, doctors use a robotic surgical arm to execute parts of the procedure, assisting in areas that demand the steadiest hand and navigating small places. Robotics becomes another tool in the doctor's kit.

Using CT scans, the robotic arm can work from 3D images of the surgical area and perform a range of tasks, such as:
  • Prepare the bone.
  • Introduce the implant.
  • Balance the implant.

Due to these. The current limitations of Manual TKR have been drastically mitigated with 3D CT pre-planning, Accuracy, and predictability in surgical outcomes.

Am I A right Candidate for Robotic Knee Surgery?

Robotic knee replacements are ideal for even the most complex knee joint disease. This includes patients who have:

  • Deformities in the femur after an injury
  • Complex degeneration
  • Hardware from previous surgeries
What Does Robotic Surgery Offer?
  1. Simplicity
    • Bone registration using a probe
    • Improved workspace check.
    • 3D bone model generation with fast and easy CT image data.
    • Ul design considers user convenience.
    • Reduces the surgery preparation time - 3D modeling.
    • Non-Sterile/Sterile diagnosis.
  2. Flexibility
    • Various cutting options - Full & partial cutting.
    • Intra-operative gap check - Pre/Intra/Post.
    • Plan changing & gap balancing are possible.
  3. Safety
    • Real-time system monitoring.
    • Emergency stop & force freeze.
    • Manual guide of the robot arm.
  4. Accuracy and Precision
    • Precise pre-surgical planning is executed every time.
    • Sub-millimetre dimensional accuracy
    • Optimal alignment.
  5. Less Destructive and Intrusive
    • Smaller Incision
    • Lesser pain
    • Faster healing leading to Speedy recovery
    • Higher Chance for Restoring Mobility and Movement
How Robotic Surgery is Done?

Knee Joint Replacement Process

Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery

Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery

Patient Consultation: : Dr IPS oberoi and his team will discuss in detail with the patient about the oprions and they can take a decision upon

CT Scan : CT Scan of Knee Joints is conducted to assess the disease based on which planning will be done.

Pre-Surgical Planning: The Scanned CT scan Image is converted into a 3D image and a surgical plan is made by the doctor assisted by the system.

Surgical Implementation: The patient is connected to the robot and stabilized for surgery. In the next stage, the doctor performs registration process to verify if the 3D image of the patient matches the original surgery site. After registration process, robot reviews the data and cuts the bone precisely with respect to size, position, angle and direction of the implant decided during pre-surgery planning stage.

Implant Placement: Decided Implant is Inserted and Fixed and surgery is concluded.

Is Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery Better for me?

Yes - robotic surgery has been shown to deliver better results vs. traditional knee replacement. Studies have shown surgeries performed with robotics offer more accurate results. The less trauma on the bone and tissue, the better the results, and robotic assistance allows for precision that reduces traumatic areas.

The precision of Robotic Assisted Knee Joint Replacement surgery allows for:

  • More accurate implant placement, results in a more natural feeling after surgery
  • Reduced risk of injury to adjacent tissues results in improved safety and reduced risk of infection
  • Lower blood loss and smaller incisions, help in quicker recovery and less pain.
  • Early Rehabilitation, decreased admission time and early discharge from Hospital
  • The potential for better long-term function
  • Better implant survivorship and longevity
  • Improved Quality of life
Advantages of Robotic Knee Surgery

Robotic knee surgery has already established itself as a powerful tool for doctors. The medical community has seen advantages in several areas:

  1. Lower Long-Term Costs

    Patients who get robotic knee replacement surgery tend to have fewer complications, which means fewer return visits to the hospital. You will also have a quicker recovery time, meaning you can get back to your job and earning money faster. Also, minimally invasive surgery results in fewer infections and other risks that can send a patient back to the hospital.

  2. Better Outcomes

    Studies have shown that patients receiving robotic knee surgery experience fewer readmissions to the hospital. They also require less rehabilitation than patients who undergo traditional knee replacement surgery. Robotic arms can rid surgical areas of diseased bone tissue more effectively, too, improving the recovery rate of patients.

  3. Higher Satisfaction

    Patients can return to their daily activities faster, which translates to higher patient satisfaction with their health care services. Robotic knee surgery requires less downtime for the patient, which is something they will appreciate.

    Patients also like the precision of using the arm. There are fewer chances for mistakes with this careful approach. The implant can be aligned and adjusted more carefully, which increases the patient's comfort. Finding the most effective option is always the aim of any surgery. People value the combination of robotic precision with the actual physician's bedside manner and other human qualities.

Are there any potential risks?

Robotic knee replacement surgery comes with the same risks as traditional knee surgery. These include, but are not limited to:

  • Nerve damage
  • Deep vein thrombosis (blood clots)
  • Infection
  • Allergic reaction to the artificial joint

But because robot-assisted procedures require a smaller incision and can be performed with greater accuracy, doctors are hopeful that these risks can be significantly reduced.

Even with traditional surgery, serious complications are rare, occurring in only about 2% of knee replacement patients. Your doctor will carefully assess your health and discuss all of the potential risks and complications associated with surgery.